Having expanded the front line to 14 miles, the II Canadian Corps , with the 2nd and 3rd Divisions and the 4th Armoured Division , became responsible for the drive along the Rhine to Kalkar and Xanten. Preparations for the operations were complicated by the poor condition of the few routes into the concentration area, its small size, the need to maintain surprise and, therefore, the need to conceal the movements of men and materiel. The imposed American standstill allowed German forces to be concentrated against the Anglo-Canadian assault. Imperial Forest , and with the towns of Kleve and Goch in their control, the offensive was renewed as Operation Blockbuster and linked up with the U. Assessments by the German High Command were that an Allied advance through the Reichswald would be too difficult and the expected assault would be by the British Second Army from the Venlo area. XXX Corps had rehearsed forest warfare tactics and were able to bring armour forward with them despite a high rate of damage due to the natural conditions combined with the age of the tanks.
In the event, Veritable was delayed by the diversion of forces to stem the German attack through the Ardennes in December, Battle of the Bulge and the advantages to the Allies of hard, frozen ground were lost. The lack of suitable roads was made worse by the soft ground conditions and the deliberate flooding of the flood plains, which necessitated the use of amphibious vehicles. A dirty slogging-match in the mud of the Rhineland , by William Moore p. The Reichswald Forest Phase, 8 to 17 February “. British XXX Corps were attached to the Canadians for the operation and the date was provisionally set as 1 January At the time of the operation, the ground had thawed and was largely unsuitable for wheeled or tracked vehicles and these conditions caused breakdowns to significant numbers of tanks. The Rhine flood plain , two or three miles wide and which, at the time of the operation, had been allowed to flood after a wet winter , is the northern boundary of the area and the Maas flood plain is the southern boundary. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
A dirty slogging-match in the mud of the Rhinelandby William Moore pp. At the start of the operation, Allied hurtgeb was, from left to right across the Allied front:. The Allied expectation was that the northern end of the Siegfried Line was less well defended than elsewhere and an outflanking movement around the line was possible and would allow an early assault against the industrial Ruhr region.
One such proposal, Valediction a development fiml an earlier plan; Wyvern i an assault south-eastwards from Nijmegen between the Rhine and Maas rivers, initially had been shelved by Montgomery. The First Canadian Army had had a severe time clearing the approaches to Antwerp during the previous autumn.
Once the Reichswald had been taken, the Allied forces paused to regroup before continuing their advance towards the Hochwald forested ridge, plus Xanten to the east of it, and the US 9th Army. Eisenhower ‘s “broad front” strategy to occupy the entire west bank of the Rhine before its crossing.
Veritable was a Northern pincer movement and started with XXX Corps advancing through the filk while the 3rd Canadian Infantry Divisionin amphibious vehicles, cleared German positions in the flooded Rhine plain.
On 22 February, once clear of the Reichswald German: Montgomery’s 21st Army Group had established a front along the River Maas in late and had also considered several offensive operations to enlarge and defend the Nijmegen bridgehead and its important bridges captured during the operation to capture Arnhem.
World War II portal. This stage was Operation Blockbuster. Operation Veritable also known as the Battle of the Reichswald was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March during ,as final stages of the Second World War.
Postage stamps Dwight D. Alfred Schlemmthe local German commander, strongly disagreed, believing, correctly, that the Reichswald was the more likely route.
A conference was convened at Maastricht on 7 December between Allied generals, huetgen consider ways of maintaining pressure on the Germans throughout the winter.
He acted against the assessments of his superiors and therefore ensured that the area was well fortified, strengthened the Siegfried Line defences and quietly moved some of his reserves to be nearer this line of attack which meant oo fresh, elite troops were readily available to him.
Canadian losses amounted to officers and 4, other ranks, the vast majority being lost during Operation Blockbuster. This delayed the US offensive Operation Grenadethe southern pincer and at the same time allowed German forces under local German commander, Alfred Schlemm to be concentrated against the Anglo-Canadian advance. As planned, it would start on 22 February when the 15th Tilm Division would attack woods north-east of Weezeto be followed two days later on the 24th when the 53rd Welsh Division would advance southwards from Goch, take Weeze and continue south-westward.
After the war, General Dwight D. The operation started as an infantry frontal assault, with armoured support, against prepared positions, in terrain that favoured the defenders. The End of the Third Reich.
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A new rail bridge was constructed botwa extended rail access to Nijmegen, a bridge was built across the Maas at Mook and roads were repaired and maintained. Fi,m the two weeks of flooding, Hitler forbade Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt to withdraw east behind the Rhine, arguing that it would only delay the inevitable fight.
Operations Veritable and Blockbuster yellow and Grenade green. After the battle, 34 Armoured Brigade conducted a review of its own part in the forest phase of the battle, in order to highlight the experiences of the armoured units and learn lessons. Consequently, Valediction was brought forward and allocated to the First Canadian Army.
The 3rd Division used Buffalo amphibious vehicles to move through the flooded areas; the water rendered the German field defences and minefields ineffective and isolated their units on islands where they could be picked off, one by one. XXX Corps were to operate on the right and take Goch before swinging towards the Rhine and linking with the Americans — once Operation Grenade had been launched.
West European Campaign — Rundstedt’s divisions which had remained on the west bank of the Rhine were cut to pieces in the Rhineland andmen were taken prisoner. The Reichswald Forest Phase, 8 to 17 February “.
Having expanded the front line to 14 miles, the II Canadian Corpswith the 2nd and 3rd Divisions and the 4th Armoured Divisionbecame responsible for the drive along the Rhine to Kalkar and Xanten. Horrocks ordered 43rd Wessex Division to advance past Kleve into the German rear. The imposed American standstill allowed German forces to be concentrated against the Anglo-Canadian assault.
Hurtgeb from ” https: The Rhine flood plaintwo or three miles wide and which, at the time of the operation, had been allowed to flood fulm a wet winteris the northern boundary of the area and the Maas flood plain is the southern boundary. In the event, Veritable was delayed by the diversion of forces to stem the German attack through the Ardennes in December, Battle of the Bulge and the advantages to the Allies of hard, frozen ground were lost.
Burtgen only one road available, units of the 43rd, 15th and Canadian divisions became inextricably mixed in a column 10 miles long.
Eisenhower, the Allied Supreme Commander, commented this “was some of the fiercest fighting of the whole war” and “a bitter slugging match in which the enemy had to be forced back yard by yard”.
Eisenhower Brothers Places named for Eisenhower Other tributes and memorials. Imperial Forestand with the towns of Kleve and Goch in their control, the offensive was renewed as Operation Blockbuster and linked up with the U. Crusade in Europe Veritable originally called Valediction had been planned for execution in early January, when the ground had been frozen and thus more advantageous to the Allies.
There were three north-south routes: